Category Archives: Current and Recent Research Projects

Investing in small charities in ‘cold spots’: Redcar & Cleveland and Port Talbot & Neath

Small charities form the bedrock of civil society.   So their wellbeing needs to be attended to, especially in places where there are concentrations of economic difficulties.  The problem with previous attempts to strengthen small charities is that ‘gold standards’ about what a successful organisation should look like have been adopted.  And far too often, standardised tools have been developed to build the ‘capacity’ and ‘capability’ of such charities which simply don’t address the specific needs of individual charities.

Lloyds Bank Foundation has invested significant resources in the development of charities for many years through its Engage and Enhance programmes.  But some charities which really need help don’t meet the eligibility criteria. This project seeks to change that by working with a small number of charities, intensively, over a period of a year.

Known as Lloyds Bank Foundation’s ‘Grow’ programme, this project seeks to experiment with new approaches to strengthen small charities without demanding standardised outcomes which meet the expectations of outsiders rather than of charities themselves.

Based in two areas of the UK which have been challenged economically in recent years, the project will invest significant levels of support to help charities become more resilient as organisations and effective in what they do but without necessarily expecting them to grow or change beyond the ambitions they set themselves.

Professor Tony Chapman has been chosen to assist in the development of this two year programme and will evaluate the success of the intervention.


Can deferred gratification help young people stay committed to apprenticeships?

Professor Tony Chapman and Stephanie Rich are to evaluate the National Youth Agency’s TEN programme which is funded by the Money Advice Service. The project brings together tried and tested approaches to inform the development of financial literacy and sustained money management skills and builds on the success of an existing intervention (Barclays Money Skills Champions).

Its purpose is to strengthen the existing evidence on the immediate advantages of the previous programme for Money Skills Champions, to get a better understanding of how peer education improves the financial capability of 16-21 year olds who are engaged in apprenticeships and which, in turn, has the potential to help influence subsequent decision making which could have longer-term benefit by enhancing the likelihood of improved retention on apprenticeship schemes.

More specifically, the evaluation aims to explore the efficacy of the project through the following research questions:

  • To determine if the NYA’s existing approach to ‘peer education’ has distinctive and beneficial impacts upon young people’s approach to learning about discrete financial issues which are replicable for young people from disadvantaged or marginalised backgrounds.
  • To find out if the financial learning intervention has a positive impact by improving young people’s knowledge about financial issues and strengthens their locus of control when making immediate financial decisions.
  • To explore whether increasing knowledge and skills through peer education about financial issues may impact positively on young people’s ability to navigate key life transitions by weighing up the ‘opportunity costs’ of their decisions in financial and personal development terms.

The project runs for 18 months, beginning in January 2017.

Building the employability of young people in County Durham



durham-county-council-logoProfessor Tony Chapman, Stephanie Rich and Paul Braidford have been appointed by the Institute for Local Governance to undertake a project on young people’s employability and enterprising aspirations in County Durham.  The project is being undertaken for Durham County Council, will run until March 2018 and has the following aims:

  • To provide an up-to-date evidence review drawing on key quantitative indicators drawing upon County Durham, regional and national indicators. The purpose of the exercise is to cement understanding on the extent to which aspirations are formulated, why aspirations are not being met and what needs to be done in employability terms to address any mis-match between aspiration and achievement.
  • A thorough mapping exercise on current employability and skills provision, and in so doing, assist the County Council in recognising the diverse sources of support available to young people from the public, private and third sectors.
  • Gathering of qualitative data on the quality and strength of interactions between agencies and organisations in the area to include analysis of formal contractual relationships, partnership working, complementary practice and autonomous working.
  • Based upon the above phases of work, up to three case studies will be identified to produce demonstration projects on different approaches to practice – emphasising the strengths and weaknesses of each approach and making an appraisal of the scope for replicating the most effective policies and practice.

In its concluding phase, the research will produce recommendations on courses of action on the basis of the evidence collected and relationship building work undertaken.

Who runs the North East now?

Professor Fred Robinson is working with Professor Keith Shaw of Northumbria University on a new study looking at structures and processes of governance in North East England. They will be finding out who runs public services in the region and assessing how accountable they are. They will be looking at different models of governance — some elected, others appointed. And they will be asking what works best and how we can make governance better.

It’s certainly a timely project. There is considerable disenchantment with the people who run things. Many people distrust elites, politicians and the ‘establishment’. There are widespread feelings of powerlessness and alienation – as the EU Referendum demonstrated. But there is no simple answer to the problems facing us. Electing people to run things like Councils or the Police seems attractive, but turnouts are so low that there’s really only limited democratic legitimacy. Appointing people to run services – the boards of NHS Trusts, or the Governing Bodies of universities, for example – may bring in expertise, but can be seen to be about recruiting the ‘usual suspects’. And referendums — making decisions by asking the people — don’t seem to work all that well either.

Fred and Keith want the research to inform, but also to be the basis for challenge and reform. They’ve looked at these issues before, back in 2000, when much of the concern was about unelected quangos. They helped influence the debate then – institutions in the region started thinking more about the gender balance (or lack of it) on their boards and the need to have representation from BME communities. Since 2000, some things have changed for the better – but there’s certainly room for a lot more improvement. Many institutions are still dominated by the ‘male, pale and stale’.

The project has secured funding from the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, the Institute for Local Governance and Newcastle-based Law firm Muckle LLP. It started in September 2016 and will run for a year. It’s a practical project, which aims to encourage better practice and make governance more accountable, transparent and representative.

The final report can be found Who Runs the North East Now — Main Report Oct 2017 FINAL (2).

Third Sector Trends across the North of England 2016

In September 2016, the Third Sector Trends study will be formally launched across the North of England. We need to hear from all types of voluntary and community organisations and social enterprises, whether large or small, thriving, struggling or going on as normal. The study will take place in each northern region in three separate surveys:

community foundation logoIn North East England (funded by the Community Foundation for Tyne & Wear and Northumberland). Link to the survey questionnaire:


In Yorkshire and the Humber (funded by Joseph Rowntree Foundation); Link to the survey questionnaire:

Garfield Weston.jpeg                                                         Ipprnorth.jpeg


In North West England* (funded by IPPR\North and Garfield Weston); Link to the survey questionnaire:

*In Greater Manchester, the study started in July 2016 to complement a separate study by a consortium of local third sector development agencies.

We will be able to tell you what is happening, in big picture terms, in the sector in your area, region and across Northern England?

These are just a few of the issues the Third Sector Trends study can explore

    • We can make well evidenced estimates on the changing shape, size and structure of the sector as a whole (comparing with previous TST data and from a major national government study in 2010 on each local authority area).
    • We can also produce data reports for any local authority area, sub region or county so you can see what is happening in the area your Community Foundation serves.
    • We can explore the different experiences, practices and expectations of organisations by size, purpose, geographical location, legal form, and so on – this will help funders identify the kinds of organisations which may be able to benefit most from grants.
    • We can make good estimates of the level of employment and volunteering in the sector and determine where employment or volunteering is growing or contracting.
    • We can show which areas of beneficiary need are doing well or experiencing difficulties.
    • We can calculate the economic value of the sector using robust estimates and also monetise the value of volunteering.

We need third sector, public sector and private sector organisations to encourage voluntary organisations, community groups and social enterprises to respond to this major study. It is vital that as many organisations and groups as possible find out about the study so that they have a chance to respond – so we need you to tell them about it in newsletters and to send links to the survey through by email to your address lists.

Each study will result in a separate regional report together with one report, published by IPPR\North for the whole Northern Region.

If you would like to know more about the study, please contact Professor Tony Chapman, St Chad’s College, Durham University:


The impact of Japanese inward investment on North East England

Dzulfian Syafrian is an economist whose research covers public policy, financial institutions and economic development. Since January 2016, Dzulfian has been DSC_0419%5b1%5d (5)undertaking his PhD at St. Chad’s College and Durham University Business School.

Dzulfian’s PhD project is focusing on the impact of Japanese inward investment in manufacturing Industry on the economy and society of North East England. This research concentrates on the relationship between Japanese companies and indigenous British companies.

The project aims to:

  • understand how the Japanese foreign direct investment (FDI) and the process of “Japanisation” of Western companies works in Britain;
  • define what the effects of Japanese FDI are on the economy and society of the North East; and,
  • determine what challenges companies face and how they overcome these.

This project is the under supervision of Professor Tony Chapman (St. Chad’s College – Durham University) and Professor John Mawson (Director of the Institute for Local Governance, Durham University Business School).

Sharing the responsibility for public health and wellbeing

Developing effective relationships between health authorities, local authorities and third sector organisations to improve public health and social wellbeing in a period of austerity

Professors Tony Chapman and Fred Robinson, together with Professor John Mawson, Director of the Institute for Local governance have won an ESRC Impact Acceleration Esrc_logoAward to assist health organisations, local authorities and third sector organisations to develop complementary policy and practice strategies to improve public health and social wellbeing in North East England. Based on shared learning drawing on a parallel project, Keeping it Simple, health authorities will be encouraged to reflect upon and embed new ‘ways of thinking’ about their working relationships with external organisations working in the field of health, mental health and social care.

In order to better understand interactions between organisations, the work will explore activity using the following dimensions of policy and service delivery where impact can be achieved by 2019:

  • Working in complementary ways (Health authorities, LAs and TSOs, to a large extent, shape the way they choose to work autonomously or collectively. But the acquisition and allocation of resources is a complex process which interferes with value systems, restricts notions of autonomy and can upset relationships. This impact of this work is to help organisations recognise when it is best to use formal partnerships, complementary relationships and when to work autonomously),
  • Commissioning and procurement (Health sector organisations can achieve better impact by working with local government and TSOs in designing processes which are more responsive to innovative delivery solutions. The impact of this will be to improve the quality and outcomes arising from outsourcing decisions and thereby produce stronger social impact and best value for service delivery).
  • Assessing the impact of autonomous and shared interventions (The impact of the programme will be effected by encouraging organisations to think about how to measure and make clearly evidenced judgements about the efficacy of appropriate objectives for autonomous, partnership or complementary interventions).
  • New thinking about co-production (Co production can involve the pooling and sharing of ideas, effort and resources – which is hard for autonomous organisations with different levels of power and capability to achieve. The impact to be achieved in this case study centres on demonstrating where, how and with what effect health sector organisations have already developed effective joint-working models with LAs and TSOs and determine if these good practices are replicable in areas which have previously not been considered or where partnerships have failed)

The project will involve work with four health organisations (South Tees Foundation Trust, County Durham and Darlington Foundation Trust, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS (mental health) Foundation, NHS Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees CCG), seven local authorities (Darlington Borough Council, Durham County Council, Gateshead Council, Northumberland County Council, Redcar and Cleveland Council, Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council, Sunderland City Council), and the regional third sector infrastructure organisation, Voluntary Organisations Network North East.

National Youth Agency’s Our Bright Futures Evaluation

Big LotteryProfessor Tony Chapman and Stephanie Rich have been appointed to evaluate the National Youth Agency’s forthcoming programme of work funded by the Big Lottery’s ‘Our Bright Futures’ initiative.

NYA LOGOOur Bright Futures will allow the NYA to to work intensively with young people over three years developing environmental projects. Funding has been awarded to undertake 50 projects devised and run by young people who will, in turn, be supported and trained through a comprehensive programme to develop their sustainability learning, employability skills, digital understanding and self-knowledge.

This investment of up to £10,000 in each of the 50 projects will help meet key environmental challenges whilst also investing in young people’s confidence, self-esteem and entrepreneurial ambitions – perhaps helping to produce sustainability leaders of the future.

The evaluation of the programme will be undertaken independently by Professor Tony Chapman and Stephanie Rich who will be involved from the initial planning stage to design a comprehensive and rigorous methodology to blend qualitative and quantitative data


The contribution of sport to sustainable development

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015, sets out an ambitious vision for global development. The 2030 Agenda aligns with the Charter of the Commonwealth which affirms the importance of sustainable development to ‘eradicate poverty by pursuing inclusive growth whilst preserving and conCommonwealthserving natural ecosystems and promoting social equity’.


There is much potential for sport to contribute to sustainable development and, particularly, to help young people unlock their potential – but this requires policy makers to think critically about how they marshal the resources of national, regional and local government in Commonwealth countries whilst also capitalising upon, in complementary ways, the contribution of big business, national and international NGOs and locally based charities and civil society groups.

The Commonwealth Secretariat has recently appointed Dr Iain Lindsey and Sarah Metcalfe (School of Applied Social Sciences) and Professor Tony Chapman (Policy&Practice, St Chad’s College) to update and build upon current policy guidance, as reported in the Commonwealth Guide to Advancing Development through Sport, by Professor Tess Kay and Oliver Dudfield, published in 2013.

The work, which began in February 2016, involves wide-ranging consultations with policy makers and practitioners from NGOs, Commonwealth governments and international sport organisations. It is anticipated that the findings from the study and recommendations for future approaches to policy formulation will be published in August 2016 by the Commonwealth Secretariat.

Arts & Culture in County Durham

lumiere.jpegGiven the ‘cooler climate’ in public funding, demonstrating the economic impact of the arts, culture and sports is more important than ever. Nationally the arts and culture sector pays its way, recent figures show an annual return of £2.35 billion to the Treasury – and the contribution to local economies is growing faster in the parts of the country worst affected by the recession like the North East. Employment in the sector is strong too, with the growth in jobs and skills feeding into an expanding knowledge and skills based economy – particularly important to young people entering the jobs market.

In 2015, Durham County Council commissioned PRG to develop an evaluation framework to measure the impact of the arts, cultural and sports events the Council supports. The overall aim is to establish an evaluation framework with flexible methodologies and KPIs which can be applied across all types of events and appropriate for use by different delivery organisations – large and small, public, private and third sector.

A single, standardised framework will allow meaningful comparisons, the aggregation of impacts and identification of savings; it will also produce a reliable evidence base for decision-making and strategy. And the more we understand what the sector does for us, in terms of the economy, education, health and wellbeing, and communities, the more we will be able to provide the evidence to give government and the taxpayer the confidence to invest.

During 2015 the events and festivals PRG has evaluated for County Durham have been very varied, including: Bishop Auckland Food Festival, the International Brass Festival, Durham Book Festival, culminating most recently with Lumiere Durham.

Each time we have revised and refined a range of evaluation tools, tailoring them to specific events and trying out innovative methods and approaches. For Lumiere, PRG also worked with Durham businesses to capture economic impact and help the businesses make the most of the festival’s opportunities. We also helped recruit and train more than 20 Durham University students to carry out on-street evaluation of Lumiere, helping them acquire valuable employment experience and become more involved in the life of the city.